Khangai Mountain Traverse on Mountain Bike
(12 days)

Cycling in Mongolian Prairie
Boy Cycling in Dune
Mountain Biking in Central Mongolia
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Detailed description

Camping in Steppe


This route zones are in Khangai Mountains. It begins on provincial capital of Ovorkhangai, winding its way over several high passes, small rivers, rolling grassland hills, healing hot springs with a touch of cultural sightseeing places.

The province is considered among the most beautiful parts of the country, thanks to its rugged mountains, swathes of forest and crystal clear streams. Arvaikheer is one of central towns and renowned for traditional crafts, goat herding for cashmere and equestrian sports.

(Hotel L, D)


Shargaljuut hot springs

This health resort is located 60 km from the Bayanhongor aimag center in Shargaljuut sum. There are located on the North West bank of the Shargaljuut River on a rocky pass. There are more than 100 mineral hot springs that are named for human body parts and organs based on the shape of the spring sprouts and fissures. The hot springs are between 45 C and 96 C and even flow during the cold Mongolian winter. We will take a little time to test the bikes, make adjustments and ready to go.

(Tented Camp B, L, D)

Bikers on Mongolian Plateau
Cycling Break

Khoh Gol river passing by Nam Dorolj Pass

The Khangai Mountains are a mountain range in central Mongolia, some 400 kilometres west of Ulaanbaatar. The tallest mountain is the Otgon Tenger Uul with its summit at 4.020 m above sea level. The mountain range stretches from central Mongolia to the western border. It runs in parallel along the northern side of the Altai. In the eastern foothills, which are primarily covered by our tours, the mountain scape gradually morphs into the steppes of eastern Mongolia. This geographical mixture creates a number of very interesting landscapes within manageable distance, and leads to a rich diversity in both flora and fauna.

(Tented camp B, L, D)


Tongorogyn Pass passing by Suugiin Pass 2742 meter

The mountains feed the river Orkhon, Selenge, Ideriin, Zavkhan and the lake Orog and Böön tsagaan. In the west the Khangai Mountains transition into the Great Lakes Depression. The mountain range shelters a large number of small lakes, all interconnected by rivers. The lakes are supplied with fresh water running from the mountains. The Khangai Mountain separates the South-Mongolian arid Gobi Desert region from the fertile rolling hills of the north. With its numerous little rivers in which water from melting snow flows the northern side of the mountain offers a lush, fertile home to many nomads.

(Tented Camp B, L, D)


Ultiin Pass 

On average, the Khanggai Mountains are 2500-3000 M above the sea level and are composed of mainly granite, intrusive chert and sandstone belonging to Paleozoic era. The Khanggai Mountains is about 800 km long, ranging from Zavkhan province territory to Tuv province. They function as the continental divide of the world water system.

(Tented Camp B, L, D)

River Area

Tsenher hot spring 


The resort at hot spring has a large open-air pool at its customer’s disposal. The hot water of the pool flows continuously in from the hot water spring. At the spring, the temperature of the water is over 80 ° C. A complex pipelines system regulates the water temperature. Some will spend hours sitting in the pool talking to their friends while staring at the stars or scanning the nightly nature around them.

(Ger Camp B, L, D)

Hot Spring

Tsagaan Sum 

After breakfast in our Ger camp we will cross deep water river on our jeeps mostly inundated in summer and start our full cycling day. We will cycle through a combination of forested hills, granite formations and broad fertile valleys dotted with scattered Gers. Our journey will take us through deep in Khangai Mountains: lush, green abundant with wild flowers and plants. Our tracks will follow flowing rivers and undulating hills. To complete the perfection of nature many Gers of nomads peacefully minding their business taking care of their livestock. The area is the home to huge number of yaks of Mongolia. Today cycling will need more physical demand as we pass mountains up and down on a terrain quite rocky. As we are followed by our jeeps those who are tired can always sit in the vehicle. Early evening, we arrive at our campsite already settled for night and arranged by our team. We will sleep in spacious tents. Spend evening around camp fire and enjoy complete wilderness and quietness.

(Tented camp B, L, D)

Cycling after Rain

Tovkhon monastery & Orkhon waterfall 

Leaving our campsite, we will be heading to Tovkhon Monastery on our jeeps. The monastery is established during the 1650’s by Zanabazar, one of Mongolia’s most respected religious leaders. The monastery’s wooden buildings are integrated with a natural system of caves perched near a hilltop, from which you have beautiful view of the Orkhon Valley and the surrounding pine forests. On the top of the cliff, a pile of stones to worship a god of this mountain forms a hill. It is called Ovoo. After lunch we will be cycling to the direction Orkhon waterfall in Orkhon valley.

(Ger camp B, L, D

Monastery in Mountain

Rest day at waterfall

Orkhon valley. The valley is registered as world cultural heritage by UNESCO due to its ancient findings, artefacts related to early 6th century and even before that. As well as, 12th to 13th century great Mongol empire had expanded its capital Karakorum here. Moreover, pasture nomadic lifestyle still remains here and it keeps both historic and nomadic view of life.

More we get close to waterfall the terrain will get quite challenging on rocky tracks. Quaternary era a volcano erupted near the beginning of the Tsagaan Azarga or White Stallion River and the lava flowed down the Orkhon valley forming the 10-meter-thick layer of basaltic rocks. The basaltic layer was crosscut by the Orkhon River continuously and the canyon was formed as a result. At the beginning of this canyon lays the 20 meters high, 10-meter-wide waterfall. The most adventures of you will climb down the canyon and swim the lake located at the foot of the waterfall. A famous Mongolian barbeque over hot stone is on the menu tonight.

(Ger camp B, L, D)

Ger Camp


Today we will end our cycling adventure. From waterfall to Khujirt village we will cycle 46 km through UNESCO culturally registered Orkhon valley. On the way we will stop at ancient burial sites. After lunch near Khujirt village we will take our vehicles and reach Karakorum in the evening.

(Ger camp B, L, D)


Cycle to Khangai Mountains


In Karakorum also called Kharkhorin we will visit sightseeing places. Once famous medieval prosperous capital of Genghis Khan and his successors. Kharkhorin is the site of the 13th century capital of the Mongolian Empire created by Genghis Khan. The founding of Kharkhorin started on the ruins of Turug and Uigur cities in the Orkhon valley at the eastern end of the Khangai Mountains in 1220 by the Genghis Khan’s order. It was completed 15 years later during the Ugedei Khan’s reign. The town was a very cosmopolitan and religiously tolerant place.

The silver tree, part of Möngke Khan’s palace has become the symbol of Karakorum. Now Erdene Zuu Monastery is all that remains of what once was a huge monastery of 100 temples and about 1.000 lama’s residence. We will explore the grounds of Erdene Zuu Monastery surrounded by its massive 400 m X 400 m walls. We will be guided around the 3 remaining temples: Dalai Lama, Zuu of Buddha and Lavrin Temple. We will also see the Turtle Rock and the Phallic Rock. Another place we will visit will Karakorum Archaeological Museum. It is a small museum but housed in a modern well-run building with good lighting and display cases with clear English labels. The exhibits include dozens of artefacts dating from the 13th and 14th centuries which were recovered from the immediate area, plus others that were found from archaeological sites in other parts of the provinces, including prehistoric stone tools. You’ll see pottery, bronzes, coins, religious statues and stone inscriptions. There’s also a half-excavated kiln sunk into the museum floor. Perhaps most interesting is the scale model of ancient Kharkhorin, which aims to represent the city as it may have looked in the 1250s, and is based on descriptions written by the French missionary William of Rubruck. Another chamber exhibits a most recent addition, a Turkic noble tomb with wall paintings and artefacts, including gold items and jewelry. There is a short video of actual burial site. 

(Ger camp B, L, D)


Karakorum Temples
Erdene Zuu Ground
Old Lady at Praying Wheel

Drive to Ulaanbaatar

We will have a driving day back to Ulaanbaatar. Afternoon is free time for last minute sightseeing. You might want to go and see the beautiful cultural show enjoy the colorful and rhythmic Mongolian dance, throat singing & admire the contortionists.

(B, L)


Cycling in Mountain


August 2021



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